Peer discussion and peer review

Peer review is a really useful and enjoyable way of keeping up-to-date and learning how to deal with particular cases, sharing knowledge and experiences with other optometrists.

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Case studies for members

Use the case studies in this section for your own peer discussions. They have all been written by the College based on real life situations encountered in everyday practice, and they’ve been tried and tested at our peer discussion events.


A facilitator's role is to help a peer discussion group to achieve its objectives by making sure that it has the resources it needs, and by encouraging and supporting the group members. The group has responsibility for the content of the discussion and the facilitator manages the process. (A peer review group does not have a separate facilitator).


Peer review and peer discussion – what is the difference?

Peer review and peer discussion are broadly similar activities involving discussion of cases with other practitioners, but the GOC defines them slightly differently.  Both are great ways to learn. 

  • A peer review group is normally a regular group of practitioners meeting to discuss their own real cases from practice, with one of the group nominated to organise the session and take responsibility for any CET administration. There is no separate facilitator role in a peer review so everyone in the group participates in the case discussion in the same way.
  • A peer discussion group normally involves a structured case-based discussion using pre-prepared example cases, led by a facilitator who is focussed on steering the discussion rather than participating. Peer discussion often involves several groups discussing at the same time, with a facilitator on each table.

You may find it helpful to read the following guidance developed by the College and the GOC:


Record and reflect

To make it truly effective, it is important to record and reflect on what you have learned after a peer discussion or peer review session, and to make a note of how you will incorporate your learning into your own day-to-day practice. You will need to complete a reflection statement when you accept your peer discussion points on MyGOC, so it is really important to capture your reflections promptly following a discussion, while thoughts are fresh in your mind. You can use our templates  to help you record your peer discussion review or reflection.