Myopia; Development and control in children

This review outlines current estimates of myopia prevalence for children, the characteristics of myopia progression and attempts to retard its progression with a variety of treatment therapies.

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Introduction

Myopia is a common, complex trait with considerable economic and social impact and, in highly affected individuals, ocular morbidity. The indications are that the prevalence of myopia in young adolescent eyes has increased substantially over recent decades and is now approaching 10–25% and 60–80%, respectively, in industrialised societies of the west and east (Saw 2003). It is the optometrist who is primarily responsible for the management of myopia and myopes account for approximately 30% of the optometrist’s work. 

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