How to never miss those nasty retinal tears and PVDs: A step-by-step practical guide for optometrists

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About the session

CPD ref: C-108521


The workshop will focus on the practical and systematic approach to the assessment and management of the patient who presents with flashes and floaters. Particular emphasis will be made on how to properly perform dynamic vitreous and Weiss ring assessments in order to detect PVDs and Schaffer’s sign. Optometrists will have opportunity to practice the skills required specifically for peripheral retinal examination to detect retinal breaks on a range of real patients.

Target audience

  • Optometrist.

Domain and learning outcomes

Clinical practice

s.5 Keep your knowledge and skills up to date

  • Understands the risk factors for Retinal Detachment and PVD.

s.7 Conduct appropriate assessments, examinations, treatments and referrals

  • Able to interpret and investigate patients presenting with symptoms of retinal detachment
  • Able to develop a management plan for the investigation of the patient presenting with symptoms of retinal detachment, using dilation, direct slit lamp examination and volk examination.


s.2 Communicate effectively with patients

  • Able to communicate appropriate advice and explain the referral pathway when patients present with flashes and floaters.


Kam Balaggan BSc, MBBS, FRCOphth, PhD

Wolverhampton Hospital
Consultant Ophthalmologist

Mr Balaggan is a Consultant Ophthalmologist at Wolverhampton Hospital. He is one of exceptionally few surgeons that have completed not just two years of prestigious high-volume Fellowships in Vitreoretinal Surgery, but also two years of sub-specialist Fellowship training in Medical Retina, all at the internationally renowned Moorfields Eye Hospital, London. This was in addition to his general training, which was also predominantly based at this Centre of Excellence and one of the world’s top Eye Hospitals. Mr Balaggan specialises in state of-the-art modern micro-incision sutureless vitrectomy surgery and micro-incision cataract surgery,