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Measures to take in case of accident

Chlorine can be toxic to the eye, but if you follow the disinfection guidelines correctly, sodium hypochlorite solution will not come into contact with a patient’s eye. However, if this does occur, you should follow this process: 
  1. irrigate the affected eye immediately with copious quantities of sterile normal saline solution or water
  2. check the ocular surface for epithelial damage using fluorescein
  3. examine the anterior segment for inflammation
  4. check intraocular pressure
  5. if there are no clinically significant signs, advise the patient to return to the practice if they experience any problems with their eyes. Otherwise you should re-examine them at the normal interval
  6. if there are clinically significant signs, you should re-examine the patient the following day or refer them to the Hospital Eye Service, as appropriate
  7. record any adverse incident centrally, in your practice’s system or in the practice Accident Book
  8. if you feel it is appropriate, report the incident to the National Reporting and Learning System (or equivalent relevant body for your nation). This is anonymous and helps us to learn lessons from adverse incidents.207


207 National Reporting and Learning System (NRLS) [Accessed 20 Oct 2023]